Unpasturized Goat Milk

A new policy concerning raw milk:

Still many people that call or visit our farm are very persistent in saying that raw milk is much healthier than pasteurized milk, and they MUST have raw milk for their health needs. They refuse to even try the pasteurized goat milk and go on searching for raw goat milk that might be available from other sources that are not licensed or inspected by the state. For this reason we have decided to sell state inspected Grade A raw milk to those individuals but they must read the following Raw milk education hand out and sign a liability waiver.

Raw Milk Education Handout and Liability Waiver

Pasteurization of milk is regarded as one of the greatest developments in ensuring a safe food supply. Zoonotic diseases are diseases shared between humans and animals. Many zoonotic diseases are easily spread by consumption of raw milk. Historically, pasteurization of cow milk was instituted to prevent the transmission of brucellosis and tuberculosis, but transmission of many other zoonotic diseases is prevented by milk pasteurization as well. Increases in the recommended temperature for pasteurization at lower temperatures for longer times were changed to prevent the transmission of Coxiella Burnetti, or Q-Fever. The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) position on pasteurization of milk is as follows; “The AVMA directly and through each of its state and allied associations promotes the passage of state laws requiring pasteurization of all milk to be sold within the state and consumed as fluid milk or to be used in the manufacture of dairy products”.1 The veterinary community knows that many animals infected with zoonotic disease(s) may never become ill, even though they are fully able to pass the infection on to humans, so relying on clinical signs to develop in the animal as a sign to not drink the milk is not advisable. The AVMA specifically recommends pasteurization of milk for prevention of the spread of Listeriosis, caused by Listeria Monocytogenes, especially since listeria can multiply at refrigerated temperatures.1 Many of the raw milk certification standards rely on proper refrigeration of milk to prevent bacterial overgrowth of the milk, but, refrigeration will not prevent Listeria from multiplying.

Significant human health risk is associated with consuming raw milk. A recent increase in the number of human cases of Q-Fever in Bulgaria was linked to the consumption of raw goat milk.2 The mode of infection in a Q-Fever serological investigation study was suspected to be tied to consumption of raw goat’s and cow’s milk.3 Human E. coli O157:H7 infection was associated with consumption of raw goat’s milk.4 Human E. coli O157:H7 infection was also shown to be associated with the consumption of raw cow’s milk.5 Toxigenic E. coli was shown to be present in cheese made from raw cow’s milk.6 As stated previously many of the individuals who benefit from consumption of goat’s milk are young babies or immunocompromized persons due to cancer therapy or HIV infection, these individuals are at much increased risk for development of zoonotic infections. Other zoonotic disease agents that could potentially cause infection include: Salmonella, Camphylobacter, Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, and Chlamydia. There may also be other agents that could cause illness that are not mentioned in this document.


  • Voigt, A. ed. American Veterinary Medical Association Membership Directory and Resource Manual. Policy and Statement Guidelines. . Schaumburg:AVMA; 2000, p.86, 91.
  • Serbezov, V.S.; Kazar, J.; Novkirishki, V.; Gatcheva, N.; Kovacova, E.; Voynova, V. Q fever in Bulgaria and Slovakia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1999 May-Jun 5(3):388-94.
  • Stoilaova, J.; Kamernarova, R.; Troyancheva, M.; A study on Q fever among children hospitalized for pneumonia. Folia Medica, 1996, 38(3-4):45-50.
  • Bielaszewska, M.; Janda, J.; Blahova, K.; Minarikova, H.; Jikova, E.; Karmali, M.A.; Laubova, J.; Sikulova, J.; Preston, M.A.; Khakhria, R.; Karch, H.; Klazarova, H.; Nyc, O. Human Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection associated with the consumption of unpasteurized goat’s milk. Epidemiology and Infection, 1997 Dec, 119(3):299-305.
  • Heuvelink, A.E.; Bleumink, B.; van den Biggelaar, F.L.; Te Giffel, M.C.; Beumer, R.R.; de Boer, E. Occurance and survival of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 in raw cow’s milk in The Netherlands. Journal of food Protection, 1998 Dec, 61(12):1597-601.
  • Quinto, E.J.; Cepeda, A.; Incidence of toxigenic Escherichia coli in soft cheese made with raw or pasteurized milk. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 1997 Apri, 24(4):291-5.

    I, _______________________(print name) understand that Drake Family Farms has Pasteurized Goat milk for sale and I SPECIFICALLY CHOOSE to purchase raw milk instead, fully understanding the risks of consuming raw versus pasteurized milk. I release Drake Family Farms and all of its affiliates of any and all liability associated with any and all persons that may become ill from the consumption of any and all raw milk that I, or any of my family members or agents, obtain from Drake Family Farms.

    Date: __________________________________

    Printed name:_____________________________

    Address: _________________________________


    Phone: _________________________________

  • Signature:________________________________


    If you are trying to decide between consuming raw or pastuerized milk and still have questions and/or doubts please visit the following sites:

  • Salmonella dublin and Raw Milk Consumption -- California
  • Epidemiologic Notes and Reports Campylobacter Outbreak Associated with Certified Raw Milk Products -- California
  • Campylobacteriosis Associated with Raw Milk Consumption -- Pennsylvania
  • Epidemiologic Notes and Reports Campylobacter Outbreak Associated with Raw Milk Provided on a Dairy Tour -- California 1985
  • Outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Infection Associated With Eating Fresh (raw milk) Cheese Curds --- Wisconsin, June 1998
  • Outbreak of Listeriosis Associated With Homemade (raw milk) Mexican-Style Cheese --- North Carolina, October 2000--January 2001
  • Epidemiologic Notes and Reports Chronic Diarrhea Associated with Raw Milk Consumption -- Minnesota
  • Salmonellosis from Inadequately Pasteurized Milk -- Kentucky
  • Outbreaks in Canada

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